Article

Numerical investigation into the thermo-hydro-mechanical behavior in unsaturated soils considering hypergravity effect

Zhigang Ye1, 2, 3, Chaofan Chen4, Yingtao Hu5, Zhangbo Wan1, 2, 3, Dapeng Zhang6, Ronghan Guo1, 2, 3, *

https://doi.org/10.58531/esmmsi/1/1/7

Received: 24 February 2024 / Accepted: 18 March 2024 / Published: 18 March 2024

Unsaturated soils are commonly found in coastal regions and marine sediments, where understanding the thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) behavior, especially regarding phase transition, is crucial for related practical engineering applications. Centrifugal model offers an effective means to reflect the prototype with smaller scale and shorter duration under hypergravity conditions. Present studies on similarity based on governing equation analysis of the THM coupled responses are mainly focused on saturated rather than unsaturated soils, nor involved with different boundary conditions. This paper theoretically derives the similarity of THM behavior of unsaturated soils between the centrifugal model and prototype, and numerically assesses the similarity considering Dirichlet / Neumann condition based on the open-source FEM code OpenGeoSys. In addition, numerical results shows that phase transition between liquid water and water vapor will occur under temperature variation, and pore pressure difference rather than initial pore pressure causes the difference of THM coupled responses. Significant pore pressure variation will be amplified with increase of gas diffusion coefficient, and large air entry pressure corresponds to high liquid saturation and obvious phase transition.

Unsaturated soils; Thermo-hydro-mechanical coupled; phase transition; Similarity of centrifugal model; OpenGeoSys

Ye Z., Chen C., Hu Y., Wan Z., Zhang D., Guo R. Numerical investigation into the thermo-hydro-mechanical behavior in unsaturated soils considering hypergravity effect. Eng. Solut. Mech. Mar. Struct. Infrastruct., 2024, 1(1), doi: 10.58531/esmmsi/1/1/7

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